The orange (Citrus sinensis) is the fruit of the citrus species in the family Rutaceae. Orange trees are widely grown in tropical and subtropical climates and are the most cultivated fruit in the world. The fruit of any citrus tree is considered a hesperidium (a type of modified berry) because it has abundant seeds, is fleshy and soft, derives from a single ovary, and is covered by a rind originated by a rugged thickening of the ovary wall.
Here are 7 health benefits of oranges.
Several components of oranges, such as potassium, folate, and various antioxidants are known to provide neurological benefits. Folate has been known to reduce the occurrence of Alzheimer’s disease and cognitive decline. Potassium has been linked to increased blood flow to the brain and enhanced cognition, concentration, and neural activity.
Also, oranges are full of vitamin B6. A deficiency has shown depression and nausea. Be sure not to consume too much. The vitamin B6 upper limit is set to 100 milligrams for adults over the age of 18, but adults do not need that much unless directed by the doctor.
Oranges are an excellent source of the B-vitamin complex, such as folate or folic acid. Folate has shown to help in neural tube formation and red blood cell formation in prenatal babies. A deficiency of folic acid in pregnant women can lead to the birth of underweight infants and may also result in neural tube defects in newborns.
Oranges are packed with potassium and a low content of sodium. They are well known because of its high potassium content. A large orange contains 333 milligrams of potassium, compared to zero milligrams of sodium. This helps the blood vessels relax and maintains proper blood pressure.
Fiber, vitamin C, vitamin B6, and potassium have been known to improve the heart’s health. The recommended 4,700 milligrams (mg) of potassium is not obtained by many individuals in the United States, according to the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, despite the benefits of increased potassium intake.
A large orange has 163 percent of the vitamin C daily requirements. Vitamin C is a powerful natural water-soluble antioxidant that helps the body develop resistance against infectious agents and eliminates cancer-causing free radicals in the body.
Adequate vitamin C intake does not only improve the immune system but can also create and maintain collagen, an essential protein found in hair and skin. Also, oranges contain vitamin A. Vitamin A has been known to keep the hair moisturized through increased sebum production.
Oranges contain a significant amount of dietary fiber with four grams per cup. The daily recommended dietary fiber intake for men and women are 38 grams and 25 grams, respectively. Fiber can help prevent constipation, making one’s bowel movement become more regular.
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