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First Aid for Grass Pollen Allergy

Last updated March 2, 2018

Approved by: Maulik P. Purohit MD, MPH

Grass Pollen Allergy is the development of an allergic reaction to grass pollens. It can occur within a few minutes of exposure to the airborne allergen.

What is Grass Pollen Allergy?

  • Grass Pollen Allergy is the development of an allergic reaction to grass pollens. It can occur within a few minutes of exposure to the airborne allergen
  • This common condition is usually seen or peaks between the months of April to August (spring and summer) and can be a cause of hay fever (allergic rhinitis)
  • In a majority of individuals, such an allergy is not harmful and it subsides after a few days of accompanying symptoms, which may include watery eyes, nasal congestion, and breathing difficulties

What are the Causes of Grass Pollen Allergy?

The cause of Grass Pollen Allergy includes:

  • Exposure to grass and grass pollen while being outdoors
  • Dry windy weather, especially during peak pollen season
  • A history of Grass Pollen Allergy or other similar type of allergies

Some individuals are allergic to grass on contact and may develop skin symptoms including rashes and weals.

What are the Signs and Symptoms of Grass Pollen Allergy?

The signs and symptoms of Grass Pollen Allergy may vary from one individual to another depending on the severity, and they may include:

  • Breathing difficulties, caused by constriction of airways
  • Frequent sneezing; coughing
  • Eyes may feel itchy
  • Watery eyes and runny nose
  • Nose block/congestion
  • Headaches
  • Symptoms of severe allergic reaction may develop in some individuals including an asthmatic attack (chest tightness, breathing trouble)

In some individuals, who are allergic to grass, a direct contact with grass can lead to symptoms including itching, redness, hives (red weals on skin), and eczema formation.

How is First Aid administered for Grass Pollen Allergy?

First Aid tips for Grass Pollen Allergy include:

  • Call 911 (or your local emergency number) in case of severe allergies and/or complications including severe respiratory difficulties
  • Call the Poison Control Center at 1-800-222-1222 (or your local poison control center) for further instructions, mainly if the grass was treated/sprayed with weedicides and pesticides
  • Use recommended over-the-counter nasal solutions and sprays
  • Take anti-histamines to relieve symptoms of an allergy, per recommendation of the healthcare provider
  • Seek emergency treatment, if the symptoms get worse

In case of hospitalization, the affected individual may be provided with breathing support and suitable medications to address the symptoms.

Who should administer First Aid for Grass Pollen Allergy?

  • Any individual around the victim can administer first aid for Grass Pollen Allergy; however, a medical professional may be required for further treatment of the condition
  • They should also call the poison control center at 1-800-222-1222 (or the local poison control center) and follow instructions, if necessary

What is the Prognosis of Grass Pollen Allergy?

  • The prognosis of Grass Pollen Allergy depends on the severity of the symptoms and overall health of the individual affected
  • In most cases, the prognosis is good with adequate home care and/or treatment. However, the condition may recur, if exposure to the allergens take place again

How can Grass Pollen Allergy be Prevented?

A few helpful tips to prevent Grass Pollen Allergy:

  • Avoid known allergens
  • After being outdoors (playing, hiking, camping), shower/bathe to remove any pollen deposited on the body
  • Avoid being outdoors during peak pollen season (such as spring and summers)
  • Wear a medical ID tag or bracelet (if you are severely allergic to any substance)

What are certain Crucial Steps to be followed?

  • Keeping away from substances that trigger allergic reactions
  • Being aware of peak grass pollen seasons and avoiding exposure to the extent possible

What are some Useful Resources for Additional Information?

References and Information Sources used for the Article:

Helpful Peer-Reviewed Medical Articles:

Reviewed and Approved by a member of the DoveMed Editorial Board
First uploaded: Aug. 10, 2017
Last updated: March 2, 2018