×

Please Remove Adblock
Adverts are the main source of Revenue for DoveMed. Please remove adblock to help us create the best medical content found on the Internet.

First Aid for Bleeding Gums

Last updated March 5, 2018

Approved by: Maulik P. Purohit MD MPH

Bleeding Gums are usually associated with poor dental hygiene and gum disease (gingivitis). But, it may also represent other serious medical conditions, such as bleeding disorders and cancer.


What is Bleeding Gums?

  • Bleeding Gums are usually associated with poor dental hygiene and gum disease (gingivitis). But, it may also represent other serious medical conditions, such as bleeding disorders and cancer
  • Aside from bleeding, there may be associated pain and inflammation at the site or even bad breath. The condition must not be ignored and early evaluation by a dental care specialist sought

What are the Causes of Bleeding Gums?

Bleeding Gums may be caused by:

  • Poor dental hygiene
  • Plaque and tartar buildup
  • Bacteria-induced damage of gum tissue
  • Use of blood thinners
  • Wearing ill-fitting dentures
  • Leukemia
  • Bleeding disorders
  • Vitamin C deficiency - scurvy
  • Brushing one’s teeth too hard

What are the Signs and Symptoms of Bleeding Gums?

Bleeding Gums signs and symptoms include:

  • Painful or a receding gum line
  • Swelling/inflammation
  • Bad breath/taste
  • Poor bite
  • Loss of tooth

If Bleeding Gums are a result of systemic medical conditions, like vitamin deficiencies, leukemia, or bleeding disorders, then various other signs and symptoms may be noted.

How is First Aid administered for Bleeding Gums?

First Aid tips for Bleeding Gums:

  • Rinse your mouth
  • Apply pressure to the area with cold compress
  • If possible, floss gently to get rid of food debris
  • Take over-the-counter pain medication, such as tylenol, ibuprofen
  • Consult your dentist or healthcare professional, as early as possible

Who should administer First Aid for Bleeding Gums?

The individual (himself/herself) with the Bleeding Gums or someone nearby can administer First Aid.

What is the Prognosis of Bleeding Gums?

The prognosis is dependent on the severity of gum damage and underlying medical conditions (if any).

How can Bleeding Gums be Prevented?

A few helpful tips to prevent Bleeding Gums:

  • Brush teeth regularly, preferably after every meal
  • Floss regularly, atleast once daily
  • Avoid tobacco products
  • Include vitamin C and calcium in diet
  • Avoid carbohydrate rich snacks or drinks between meals
  • Rinse with salt water before bedtime
  • Get teeth cleaned professionally, once or twice a year

What are certain Crucial Steps to be followed?

  • Clean your mouth and floss gently to remove food debris
  • Contact your dentist or healthcare professional for appropriate evaluation

What are some Useful Resources for Additional Information?


References and Information Sources used for the Article:


Helpful Peer-Reviewed Medical Articles:


Reviewed and Approved by a member of the DoveMed Editorial Board
First uploaded: Nov. 9, 2013
Last updated: March 5, 2018