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CDC Update: Current case count, MMWR anthrax updates, Transcript available

Last updated March 15, 2020

Approved by: Krish Tangella MD, MBA, FCAP

Summary of Local, State, and Federal Confirmed Human Cases and Exposures


CDC Update: Current case count, MMWR anthrax updates, Transcript available

CDC confirmed cases of anthrax

Summary of Local, State, and Federal Confirmed Human Cases and Exposures

Case Status Florida New York City New Jersey Washington, DC Total

Confirmed 2 4 5 5 16

    Cutaneous 0 3 3 0  

    Inhalational 2 1 2 5  

Suspect 0 4 2 0 6

    Cutaneous 0 4 2 0  

    Inhalational 0 0 0 0  

Total Cases         22

There have been 4 deaths associated with inhalational anthrax.

CDC confirmed cases are based on a rigorous case definition which was published in CDC’s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) on October 19, 2001.  The MMWR is available on-line at:  http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5041a1.htm

CDC defines a confirmed case of anthrax as 1) a clinically compatible case of cutaneous, inhalational, or gastrointestinal illness that is laboratory confirmed by isolation of B. anthracis from an affected tissue or site or 2) other laboratory evidence of B. anthracis infection based on at least two supportive laboratory tests.  CDC defines a suspect case as 1) a clinically compatible case of illness without isolation of B. anthracis and no alternative diagnosis, but with laboratory evidence of B. anthracis by one supportive laboratory test or 2) a clinically compatible case of anthrax epidemiologically linked to a confirmed environmental exposure, but without corroborative laboratory evidence of B. anthracis infection.

MMWR 11-2-01: Update on Anthrax Investigations

This week’s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report includes the article: “Update: Investigation of Bioterrorism-Related Anthrax and Interim Guidelines for Clinical Evaluation of Persons with Possible Anthrax .”  This week’s issue also includes Notices to Readers regarding, “Updated Recommendations for Antimicrobial Prophylaxis Among Asymptomatic Pregnant Women After Exposure to Bacillus anthracis” and “Interim Recommendations for Protecting Workers from Exposure to Bacillus anthracis in Work Sites

in which Mail is Handled or Processed.”  The MMWR is available online at www.cdc.gov/mmwr.

MMWR Anthrax website

All MMWR articles related to anthrax and bioterrorism are now archived at one location.  The web address is http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/indexbt.html.

Transcript Available

The transcript for the October 31, 2001, telebriefing on influenza with Dr. Keiji Fukuda is available online at www.cdc.gov/media/transcripts/t011031.htm.

For the latest update on CDC activities and on-going anthrax investigations visit www.bt.cdc.gov/ or www.cdc.gov/media/.

References and Information Sources used for the Article:


Materials:


Reviewed and Approved by a member of the DoveMed Editorial Board
First uploaded: March 15, 2020
Last updated: March 15, 2020