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First Aid for Cold Exposure

Last updated Oct. 3, 2017

Approved by: Maulik P. Purohit MD, MPH

Hypothermia is a condition in which the body temperature drops below 95 deg. F (35 deg. C). It occurs due to exposure to cold environments (air, water, or cold winds).


The topic First Aid for Cold Exposure you are seeking is a synonym, or alternative name, or is closely related to the topic First Aid for Hypothermia.

Please find relevant information on First Aid for Cold Exposure regarding cause, signs & symptoms, administration of first aid treatment, prognosis, preventive measures, and additional resources HERE

Quick Summary:

  • Hypothermia is a condition in which the body temperature drops below 95 deg. F (35 deg. C). It occurs due to exposure to cold environments (air, water, or cold winds)
  • This can lead to loss of heat from the body, which is potentially dangerous. Depending on the severity of the condition, Hypothermia may be mild, moderate, or severe

Note:

  • Seek medical help, as appropriate
  • In case of severe and/or life-threatening symptoms, call 911 (or your local emergency number) for immediate assistance
  • Confirm that the airways are protected; also, ensure breathing and the presence of pulse (as applicable)

What are some Useful Resources for Additional Information on Cold Exposure?

American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP)
11400 Tomahawk Creek Parkway Leawood, KS 66211-2672
Phone: (913) 906-6000
Toll-Free: (800) 274-2237
Fax: (913) 906-6095
Email: fp@aafp.org
Website: http://www.aafp.org

References and Information Sources used for Cold Exposure:

http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/first-aid-hypothermia/FA00017 (accessed on 10/03/2017)

http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000038.htm (accessed on 10/03/2017)

The following article link will help you understand frostbite.

http://www.dovemed.com/healthy-living/first-aid/frostbite-first-aid/

Helpful Peer-Reviewed Medical Articles for Cold Exposure:

Arrich, J., & European Resuscitation Council Hypothermia After Cardiac Arrest Registry Study Group. (2007). Clinical application of mild therapeutic hypothermia after cardiac arrest. Critical care medicine, 35(4), 1041-1047.

Azzopardi, D. V., Strohm, B., Edwards, A. D., Dyet, L., Halliday, H. L., Juszczak, E., ... & Thoresen, M. (2009). Moderate hypothermia to treat perinatal asphyxial encephalopathy. New England Journal of Medicine, 361(14), 1349-1358.

Rossetti, A. O., Oddo, M., Logroscino, G., & Kaplan, P. W. (2010). Prognostication after cardiac arrest and hypothermia: a prospective study. Annals of neurology, 67(3), 301-307.

Rajagopalan, S., Mascha, E., Na, J., & Sessler, D. I. (2008). The effects of mild perioperative hypothermia on blood loss and transfusion requirement. The Journal of the American Society of Anesthesiologists, 108(1), 71-77.

Polderman, K. H., & Herold, I. (2009). Therapeutic hypothermia and controlled normothermia in the intensive care unit: practical considerations, side effects, and cooling methods. Critical care medicine, 37(3), 1101-1120.

Reviewed and Approved by a member of the DoveMed Editorial Board
First uploaded: Oct. 3, 2017
Last updated: Oct. 3, 2017