The risk factors associated with Gastrointestinal Perforations may include:
It is important to note that having a risk factor does not mean that one will get the condition. A risk factor increases ones chances of getting a condition compared to an individual without the risk factors. Some risk factors are more important than others.
Also, not having a risk factor does not mean that an individual will not get the condition. It is always important to discuss the effect of risk factors with your healthcare provider.
Causes of Gastrointestinal Perforation may include the following:
In very rare cases, the perforations can occur from endoscopy or colonoscopy injuries.
A Gastrointestinal Perforation may present with the following signs and symptoms:
The diagnosis of a Gastrointestinal Perforation (also known as Perforation of the Digestive Tract) may involve the following:
Many clinical conditions may have similar signs and symptoms. Your healthcare provider may perform additional tests to rule out other clinical conditions to arrive at a definitive diagnosis.
Complications associated with Gastrointestinal Perforation may include:
Perforation of the GI Tract may also lead to peritonitis, which is a severe infection of the abdominal membrane. This result in signs and symptoms that include:
If either peritonitis or sepsis is suspected, then immediate medical attention must be sought.
Gastrointestinal Perforation requires immediate surgical attention to restrict further movement or leakage of the gastrointestinal content into the abdominal cavity.
In rare cases of Gastrointestinal Perforation, the hole spontaneously closes and antibiotics alone may be sufficient treatment.
A few preventive measures for Gastrointestinal Perforations include:
The following DoveMed website link is a useful resource for additional information:
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