The risk factors for Cercarial Dermatitis include:
It is important to note that having a risk factor does not mean that one will get the condition. A risk factor increases ones chances of getting a condition compared to an individual without the risk factors. Some risk factors are more important than others.
Also, not having a risk factor does not mean that an individual will not get the condition. It is always important to discuss the effect of risk factors with your healthcare provider.
Cercarial Dermatitis is an infection that is caused by a variety of nonhuman Schistosomes through larval penetration. This larva generally does not infect humans. Thus, human beings are not natural hosts for these parasites, but an accidental penetration of the skin may occur. The natural hosts of the larva are small mammals, marine creatures, and water birds.
Human transmission may occur through any of the following methods:
The skin manifestation of the larva leads to Cercarial Dermatitis. The common nonhuman Schistosomes causing the condition include:
The larva can enter the body through open wounds and lesions, or even through unbroken skin. This may result in a local allergic reaction, which is followed by the signs and symptoms of Cercarial Dermatitis.
The common signs and symptoms of Cercarial Dermatitis may include:
A diagnosis of Cercarial Dermatitis may involve the following tests and exams:
Many clinical conditions may have similar signs and symptoms. Your healthcare provider may perform additional tests to rule out other clinical conditions to arrive at a definitive diagnosis.
The following are the complications associated with Cercarial Dermatitis:
The treatment of Cercarial Dermatitis may aim at managing the symptoms, especially if they are severe. Typically, the larva dies after a few days in the human body and antiparasitic treatment is not warranted.
There are no definitive methods to prevent Cercarial Dermatitis. However the following measures may help avoid the risk factors for Cercarial Dermatitis:
The prognosis of Cercarial Dermatitis is excellent, since it is self-resolving condition in most cases. The Schistosome larva in the human body dies after a few days.
Cercarial Dermatitis is known by a host of terms that include Clam Digger’s Itch, Duck Itch, Lake Itch, Sedge Pool Itch, and Swimmer’s Itch.
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