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Ultrasound Imaging - Prostate

Last updated April 12, 2017

Nevit Dilmen

Ultrasound imaging is a noninvasive procedure that uses high-frequency sound waves to produce real-time images. In the Prostate Ultrasound Imaging Procedure, a transducer is inserted into the rectum, in order to obtain images of the prostate, and diagnose various health conditions.


Background Information:

What are the other Names for the Procedure?

  • Prostate Sonography Procedure
  • Ultrasound of Prostate Gland
  • USG of Prostate Gland

What is Ultrasound Imaging Scan of the Prostate radiology procedure? (General Explanation)

  • Ultrasound imaging is a noninvasive procedure that uses high-frequency sound waves to produce real-time images. The procedure can be used to show movement of internal organs and blood flowing through blood vessels
  • The prostate gland is located in front of the rectum, in males. Thus, in the Prostate Ultrasound Imaging Procedure, a transducer is inserted into the rectum, in order to obtain images of the prostate, and diagnose various health conditions. Hence, the procedure is also known as a Transrectal Ultrasound

What part of the Body does the Procedure involve?

A Prostate Ultrasound Scan procedure images the rectum and genital regions.

Why is the Ultrasound Imaging Scan of the Prostate radiology procedure Performed?

A Prostate Ultrasound Imaging Procedure is performed to diagnose various medical conditions, such as:

  • To evaluate prostate size in patients with BPH (benign prostate hyperplasia) and urinary problems
  • To evaluate infertility in men
  • Detect abnormalities in prostate, including the presence of nodules
  • To obtain prostate biopsy for imaging guidance

What is the Equipment used? (Description of Equipment)

The equipment for ultrasound imaging consists of:

  • An ultrasound transducer
  • A computer monitor
  • A central processing unit
  • A printer

A transducer is used to send high-frequency sound waves in the body and the computer creates the image based on the echoes of that sound returning from the patient’s body.

What are the Recent Advances in the Procedure?

There have been no recent advances in the field of Prostate Gland Ultrasound Imaging procedure. 

What is the Cost of performing the Ultrasound Imaging Scan of the Prostate radiology procedure?

The cost of Ultrasound of Prostate procedure depends on a variety of factors, such as the type of your health insurance, annual deductibles, co-pay requirements, out-of-network and in-network of your healthcare providers and healthcare facilities.

In many cases, an estimate may be provided before the procedure. The final amount depends upon the findings during the surgery/procedure and post-operative care that is necessary.

When do you need a Second Opinion, prior to the Procedure?

  • It is normal for a patient to feel uncomfortable and confused with a sudden inflow of information regarding the Prostate Ultrasound Scan procedure and what needs to be done
  • If the patient needs further reassurance or a second opinion, a physician will almost always assist in recommending another physician
  • Also, if the procedure involves multiple steps or has many alternatives, the patient may take a second opinion to understand and choose the best one. They can also choose to approach another physician independently

What are some Helpful Resources?

http://www.radiologyinfo.org/en/info.cfm?pg=genus (accessed on 10/15/2014)

Prior to Ultrasound Imaging Scan of the Prostate radiology procedure:

How does the Ultrasound Imaging Scan of the Prostate radiology procedure work?

An Ultrasound Imaging of Prostate works in the following manner:

  • The ultrasound procedure works on similar principles used in sonar by submarines, to determine the size and shape of the object and how far away the object is
  • The transducer sends out high-frequency sound waves in the body. When sound waves echo back from the body, the microphone in the transducer records the changes in the sound
  • And using the changes in the sound, it is possible to determine the shape, size, or any other changes in the structure of the organ
  • Using the change in the echoed sound, a computer produces a picture in real-time on the screen
  • Doppler ultrasound is used to determine the direction and speed of the blood cells 

How is the Ultrasound Imaging Scan of the Prostate radiology procedure Performed?

An Ultrasound Imaging of Prostate Gland is performed in the following manner:

  • The patient lies on their side with knees and hips flexed, while facing away from the physician
  • A water-based gel is applied on the transducer so that transducer can have better contact with the area and air pockets are eliminated between the transducer and body
  • A sonographer puts the transducer in the rectum and moves it around the area of interest, to capture the desired image
  • If a biopsy of the prostate is required, then a small needle is advanced into the prostate gland and a sample is taken, using image guidance from the ultrasound

Where is the Procedure Performed?

An Ultrasound of Prostate Gland is performed either as an outpatient or inpatient procedure, at a hospital.

Who Performs the Procedure?

An ultrasound technician performs the procedure, under the supervision of a radiologist.

How long will the Procedure take?

The Ultrasound Imaging of Prostate Gland procedure will take about 20 minutes.

Who interprets the Result?

A radiologist interprets the results of the Ultrasound Imaging of Prostate scan.

What Preparations are needed, prior to the Procedure?

The following preparations may be needed prior to a Prostate Ultrasound Scan:

  • The physician may evaluate the individual’s medical history to gain a comprehensive knowledge of the overall health status of the patient, including information related to the medications that are being currently taken
  • Do inform the medical professional if you have a history of any medical conditions, such as a heart disease, asthma, diabetes, or kidney disease
  • Do inform the medical professional about any allergies, especially related to barium or iodinated contrast material, which may be used in the procedure
  • The ultrasound is not recommended, if the patient had had barium enema or GI tests in the past 2 days
  • It is advisable to wear comfortable and loose clothes. Avoid wearing any metal objects or jewelry, as it may interfere with the scan
  • Depending on the procedure adopted, the patient may be asked for certain bowel or bladder preparations, before the preparation sessions
  • For some other tests, the patient may be asked to drink about 6 glasses of water, 2 hours prior to the examination and avoid urinating, in order to keep the bowel full during the exam

What is the Consent Process before the Procedure?

  • A physician will request your consent for the Ultrasound Imaging of Prostate Gland using an Informed Consent Form
  • Consent for the Procedure: A “consent” is your approval to undergo a procedure. A consent form is signed after the risks and benefits of the procedure, and alternative treatment options, are discussed. This process is called informed consent
  • You must sign the forms only after you are totally satisfied by the answers to your questions. In case of minors and individuals unable to personally give their consent, the individual’s legal guardian or next of kin, shall give their consent for the procedure

What are the Benefits versus Risks, for this Procedure?

Following are the benefits of a Prostate Ultrasound Imaging exam:

  • Ultrasound of Prostate Gland provides detailed information about the urinary and reproductive system, which helps in diagnosing various medical conditions
  • An ultrasound scan  does not involve the use of any ionizing radiation
  • Ultrasound imaging is noninvasive, inexpensive, quick, and simple
  • The procedure captures clear images of soft tissues in real-time
  • The procedure can be used in needle biopsies or needle aspiration

Following are the risks of Prostate Ultrasound Scan:

  • Generally none

What are the Limitations of the Ultrasound Imaging Scan of the Prostate radiology procedure?

Following are the limitations of Prostate Ultrasound Scan:

  • The procedure cannot be used for examination of the bowel, because air in the bowel disrupts the ultrasound waves
  • The Transrectal Ultrasound is difficult to perform in patients whose rectum (the last part of the bowel) is removed; as an ultrasound procedure requires placing a probe into the rectum, to visualize the prostate gland 

What are some Questions for your Physician?

Some of the basic questions that you might ask your healthcare provider or physician are as follows:

  • What is an Ultrasound Imaging of Prostate Gland?
  • Why is this procedure necessary? How will it help?
  • How soon should I get it done? Is it an emergency?
  • Who are the medical personnel involved in this procedure?
  • Where is the procedure performed?
  • What are the risks while performing the procedure?
  • What are the complications that might take place, during recovery?
  • What are the possible side effects from the procedure? How can I minimize these side effects?
  • How long will it take to recover? When can I resume normal work?
  • How many such procedures have you (the physician) performed?
  • Are there any lifestyle restrictions or modifications required, after the procedure is performed?
  • Are there any follow-up tests, periodic visits to the healthcare facility required, after the procedure?
  • Is there any medication that needs to be taken for life, after the procedure?
  • What are the costs involved?

During the Ultrasound Imaging Scan of the Prostate radiology procedure:

What is to be expected during the Ultrasound Imaging Scan of the Prostate radiology procedure?

The following may be expected from an Ultrasound Imaging of Prostate Gland procedure:

  • The test does not cause any pain
  • The table you lie on may feel hard, and the room may be cool
  • It may be difficult to lie still during the test
  • The Transrectal Ultrasound may cause some discomfort, when the transducer is inserted into the rectum
  • Some individuals may feel nervous during the ultrasound scan
  • The healthcare professional will help you during the procedure for obtaining optimum images

What kind of Anesthesia is given, during the Procedure?

Anesthesia is rarely used during an Ultrasound Imaging of Prostate Gland procedure.

How much Blood will you lose, during the Procedure?

Since the procedure is a minimally-invasive one, the blood loss involved during the procedure is minimal.

What are the possible Risks and Complications during the Ultrasound Imaging Scan of the Prostate radiology procedure?

There are no known risks associated with an USG of Prostate Gland procedure.

What Post-Operative Care is needed at the Healthcare Facility after the Ultrasound Imaging Scan of the Prostate radiology procedure?

No specific post-operative care is needed at the healthcare facility after the procedure.

After the Ultrasound Imaging Scan of the Prostate radiology procedure:

What is to be expected after the Ultrasound Imaging Scan of the Prostate radiology procedure?

  • The Prostate Ultrasound Scan is a completely painless and noninvasive procedure
  • Some discomfort may be felt, when the device is inserted into the rectum
  • The patient may resume their normal activities immediately after the procedure

When do you need to call your Physician?

If the patient is experiencing an allergic reaction from the gel; then, do contact the physician.

What Post-Operative Care is needed at Home after the Ultrasound Imaging Scan of the Prostate radiology procedure?

No specific post-operative care is needed at home after the Prostate Ultrasound Imaging Procedure.

How long does it normally take to fully recover, from the Procedure?

The patient needs no recovery time, after the Prostate Ultrasound Imaging Procedure.

Additional Information:

What happens to tissue (if any), taken out during the Procedure?

  • The Ultrasound of Prostate Gland procedure does not involve the removal of any body tissue, if the procedure is performed only for imaging of prostate
  • If a needle biopsy is performed during the scan procedure, a small sample of prostate gland is removed and sent to a pathology laboratory for further evaluation

When should you expect results from the pathologist regarding tissue taken out, during the Procedure?

If a tissue sample is removed during the Ultrasound of Prostate Gland procedure and sent for a pathology examination, it may take a few days to obtain the results.

Who will you receive a Bill from, after the Ultrasound Imaging Scan of the Prostate radiology procedure?

It is important to note that the number of bills that the patient may receive depends on the arrangement the healthcare facility has with the physician and other healthcare providers.

Sometimes, the patient may get a single bill that includes the healthcare facility and the consultant physician charges. Sometimes, the patient might get multiple bills depending on the healthcare provider involved. For instance, the patient may get a bill from:

  • The hospital, where the procedure is performed
  • Healthcare providers, physicians, and radiologists, who are involved in the process
  • A pathologist (if the tissue is sent for analysis)

The patient is advised to inquire and confirm the type of billing, before the Ultrasound Imaging of Prostate Gland procedure is performed.

Reviewed and Approved by a member of the DoveMed Editorial Board
First uploaded: Oct. 18, 2014
Last updated: April 12, 2017

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