What are other Names for this Test? (Equivalent Terms)
- Gene Mutation Analysis for Aggressive Variant of T-Cell Large Granular Lymphocyte Leukemia
- Test for Molecular Diagnosis of Aggressive Variant of T-Cell Large Granular Lymphocyte Leukemia
What is Molecular Testing for Aggressive Variant of T-Cell Large Granular Lymphocyte Leukemia? (Background Information)
- Molecular Testing for Aggressive Variant of T-Cell Large Granular Lymphocyte Leukemia is a genetic test that is helpful in aiding a diagnosis of aggressive variant of T-cell large granular lymphocyte leukemia. The lab test results may also be subsequently useful in taking appropriate treatment decisions
- Aggressive variant of T-cell LGL leukemia is a rare and severe form of large granular lymphocyte leukemia, a type of blood cancer. It is typically seen in young and middle-aged adults
- Large granular lymphocyte (LGL) leukemia represents a type of lymphoproliferative disorder. Lymphoproliferative disorders are disorders in which there is uncontrolled production of (excess) lymphocytes that occurs due to several reasons
- Aggressive variant of T-cell large granular lymphocyte leukemia may present with fever, weight loss, and appetite loss, reduced blood cell counts with a variety of symptoms, and swollen spleen and/or liver
The cause of aggressive variant of T-cell large granular lymphocyte leukemia may be due to genetic mutations.
- The presence of a clonal population of T-cells as evidenced by TCR-β/γ (T-cell receptor-beta/gamma) gene rearrangement is essential for a diagnosis
- The above genetic abnormalities can be detected using molecular studies, which may play a significant role in identifying the tumor type, and in some cases, helping the healthcare provider take appropriate treatment decisions
The molecular testing, in general, can be performed using a variety of methods. Some of these methods include:
- In situ hybridization technique, such as fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH)
- Immunohistochemistry (IHC)
- Next-generation sequencing (NGS)
- Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)
- Comparative genomic hybridization (CGH)
- Karyotyping including spectral karyotyping
- mRNA analysis
- Tissue microarrays (TMAs)
- Southern blot test
- Northern blot test
- Western blot test
- Eastern blot test
The methodology used for aggressive variant of T-cell LGL leukemia may vary from one laboratory to another.
Note: Molecular testing has limitations due to the molecular method and genetic mutational abnormalities being tested. This can affect the results on a case-by-case basis. Consultation with your healthcare provider will help in determining the right test and right molecular method, based on individual circumstances.
What are the Clinical Indications for performing the Molecular Testing for Aggressive Variant of T-Cell Large Granular Lymphocyte Leukemia Test?
Molecular Testing for Aggressive Variant of T-Cell Large Granular Lymphocyte Leukemia is undertaken in the following situations:
- To assist (and in some cases, confirm) the initial diagnosis of aggressive variant of T-cell LGL leukemia
- To distinguish other conditions that have similar histological features, when examined by a pathologist under the microscope
- To help in determining treatment options
- To confirm recurrence of the condition
How is the Specimen Collected for Molecular Testing for Aggressive Variant of T-Cell Large Granular Lymphocyte Leukemia?
Following is the specimen collection process for Molecular Testing for Aggressive Variant of T-Cell Large Granular Lymphocyte Leukemia:
The specimen sample requirements may vary from lab to lab. Hence, it is important to contact the testing lab for exact specimen requirements, before initiating the testing process.
- Sample on which the test is performed may include:
- Peripheral blood
- Bone marrow biopsy specimen
- Unstained tissue slides
- Process of obtaining the sample: As outlined by the laboratory testing facility
- Preparation required: As outlined by the laboratory testing facility
- Occasionally, additional samples may be required to either repeat the test or to perform follow-up testing
- Depending on the location of testing, it may take up to 2 weeks’ turnaround time, to obtain the test results
Cost of Molecular Testing for Aggressive Variant of T-Cell Large Granular Lymphocyte Leukemia:
- The cost of the test procedure depends on a variety of factors, such as the type of your health insurance, annual deductibles, co-pay requirements, out-of-network and in-network of your healthcare providers and healthcare facilities
- In many cases, an estimate may be provided before the test is conducted. The final amount may depend upon the findings during the test procedure and post-operative care that is necessary (if any)
What is the Significance of the Molecular Testing for Aggressive Variant of T-Cell Large Granular Lymphocyte Leukemia Result?
The significance of Molecular Testing for Aggressive Variant of T-Cell Large Granular Lymphocyte Leukemia is explained:
- Presence of a positive test result helps aid, and in some cases, confirm the diagnosis of aggressive variant of T-cell LGL leukemia
- The result can help exclude other conditions/tumors with similar histological features
- It can help determine the prognosis of the patient
- In some cases, the test results may help in taking treatment decisions
The laboratory test results are NOT to be interpreted as results of a "stand-alone" test. The test results have to be interpreted after correlating with suitable clinical findings and additional supplemental tests/information. Your healthcare providers will explain the meaning of your tests results, based on the overall clinical scenario.
Additional and Relevant Useful Information:
- Many laboratories may not have the capability to perform this test. Only highly-specialized labs with advanced facilities and testing procedures may perform this test
- Additional mutations are still being discovered in many of these cases. This may further contribute towards diagnosis and treatment. Please consult with your healthcare provider for any information updates
Certain medications that you may be currently taking may influence the outcome of the test. Hence, it is important to inform your healthcare provider of the complete list of medications (including any herbal supplements) you are currently taking. This will help the healthcare provider interpret your test results more accurately and avoid unnecessary chances of a misdiagnosis.