What are the other Names for this Test? (Equivalent Terms)
- Creat Urine Test
What is Creatinine Urine Test? (Background Information)
- Creatinine is formed when a high-energy compound called creatine is expended by muscles to fuel their contraction. It is the end-product of creatine metabolism
- After creatine is used up, the creatinine that is produced, travels through blood and exits through the kidneys
- The rate of creatinine formation depends on an individual’s muscle mass. Aside from this, creatinine formation rate is fairly constant during normal conditions. This makes it a useful indicator for muscle and kidney disorders
- Creatinine levels usually decrease with age because of age-dependent decreases in muscle mass
- Damage to muscles resulting from injury or degenerative diseases causes the release of creatinine in blood. This leads to a spike in the normally constant blood creatinine levels
- The Creatinine Urine Test is a test that measures the amount of creatinine in urine. It is used to assess muscle and kidney health
What are the Clinical Indications for performing the Creatinine Urine Test?
Following are the clinical indications for performing a Creatinine Urine Test:
- Part of a comprehensive or basic metabolic panel of tests
- Monitoring treatment for kidney disease
- Muscle weakening
- Recent trauma
- Frequent urination
- Increased thirst
- Blurry vision
- Rapid weight loss
- High blood pressure
- Mid-back pain
- Tingling and numbing in the extremities
- History of cardiovascular disease
- History of degenerative muscle disease
How is the Specimen Collected for Creatinine Urine Test?
Following is the specimen collection process for Creatinine Urine Test:
Sample required: Urine
Process: Urination into a sterile container periodically, over a 24-hour period.
Preparation required: No special preparation is needed prior to the test.
What is the Significance of the Creatinine Urine Test Result?
The significance of the Creatinine Urine Test result is explained:
Increased urine creatinine levels may indicate:
- Congestive heart failure
- Kidney disease, including acute and chronic kidney failure
- Diabetes mellitus
- Multiple myeloma
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Subacute bacterial endocarditis
- Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)
- Urinary obstruction
Decreased urine creatinine levels may indicate:
- Inadequate protein intake
- Severe liver disease
- Muscular dystrophy
The laboratory test results are NOT to be interpreted as results of a "stand-alone" test. The test results have to be interpreted after correlating with suitable clinical findings and additional supplemental tests/information. Your healthcare providers will explain the meaning of your tests results, based on the overall clinical scenario.
Additional and Relevant Useful Information:
- The blood urea nitrogen (BUN) is often ordered alongside the Creatinine Test. Together, the BUN/creatinine ratio is an accurate indicator of disease. The ratio should be between 6:1 and 20:1
- Certain factors influence the results of this test. These include hydration status, age, pregnancy, body size and composition, and diet
Certain medications that you may be currently taking may influence the outcome of the test. Hence, it is important to inform your healthcare provider of the complete list of medications (including any herbal supplements) you are currently taking. This will help the healthcare provider interpret your test results more accurately and avoid unnecessary chances of a misdiagnosis.