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Meibomian Gland Cyst

Last updated July 12, 2017

Approved by: Maulik P. Purohit MD, MPH

A Chalazion is a benign, slow-growing, inflamed lump or cyst, formed in the upper or lower eyelid. Sometimes, it can occur in both the eyelids. The word “Chalazion” has its origins in Greek, and translates to ‘small pimple’ in that language.


The topic Meibomian Gland Cyst you are seeking is a synonym, or alternative name, or is closely related to the medical condition Chalazion.

Quick Summary:

  • A Chalazion is a benign, slow-growing, inflamed lump or cyst, formed in the upper or lower eyelid. Sometimes, it can occur in both the eyelids. The word “Chalazion” has its origins in Greek, and translates to ‘small pimple’ in that language
  • Exposure to air pollutants and not cleaning the eyes on a regular basis are some of the known risk factors for developing Chalazion. The condition can affect any individual, irrespective of age, gender, race, or ethnicity
  • The usually painless cyst is caused by either a blockage, or an infection of the meibomian gland duct. The meibomian gland (also known as the tarsal gland) supplies oil or sebum that prevents the eye film from drying-up
  • While some Chalazia may be tiny, most may often be visible as lumps on the eyelid. Some reported symptoms of Chalazion include heaviness and tenderness of eyelids, eye irritation and watering, swelling around the Chalazion, sensitivity to light, etc. Occasionally, headache and fever might occur
  • A progressively growing Chalazion may place adverse pressure on the eye ball, or even cause a temporary disruption in vision. Some potential complications from the condition include astigmatism owing to pressure on the eyeball, recurrence of Chalazion, skin discoloration, etc.  Sometimes, post-surgical infection could occur as well
  • Warm compresses to the affected eyelid, administration of corticosteroid injections, or minor surgical procedures are used to treat a Chalazion; although, in many cases, the condition is self-limiting. The prognosis of Chalazion is usually excellent with adequate treatment

Please find comprehensive information on Chalazion regarding definition, distribution, risk factors, causes, signs & symptoms, diagnosis, complications, treatment, prevention, prognosis, and additional useful information HERE.

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Reviewed and Approved by a member of the DoveMed Editorial Board
First uploaded: July 12, 2017
Last updated: July 12, 2017