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Herpes Simiae (B Virus) Infection

Last updated Sept. 11, 2017

Approved by: Maulik P. Purohit MD, MPH


The topic Herpes Simiae (B Virus) Infection you are seeking is a synonym, or alternative name, or is closely related to the medical condition Simian B Virus Infection.

Quick Summary:

  • Simian B Virus Infection is an extremely rare disease in humans that is caused by the herpes virus Simiae, also known as the B virus. This virus is commonly found among the macaque monkeys (a type of Asiatic monkeys)
  • Individuals, who are exposed to infected monkeys or simian tissue cultures, can get infected with the virus. Since infection requires close contact with infected animals or tissue, those who work with the primates in laboratories, animal houses, zoos, and animal hospitals, are more at risk for developing Simian B Virus Infection
  • Some common signs and symptoms of Simian B Virus Infection may include fever, malaise, nausea, vomiting, seizures, and muscle paralysis. Since the infection can spread to the brain, potential complications may include swelling in the brain and spinal cord leading to encephalitis and meningitis
  • There are no vaccines available to protect against Simian B Virus Infection. An infected individual is typically monitored in a hospital setting, and treated with antiviral medication as necessary. With early diagnosis and prompt treatment, the outcome is generally good
  • The use of protective gear such as eyewear, gloves, and masks while handling the primates and their tissue/waste can help prevent Simian B Virus Infections. Posting clear instructions on necessary steps to be taken upon suspicion of infection can provide clarity and avoid long time lapses before diagnosis and treatment

Please find comprehensive information on Simian B Virus Infection regarding definition, distribution, risk factors, causes, signs & symptoms, diagnosis, complications, treatment, prevention, prognosis, and additional useful information HERE.

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Reviewed and Approved by a member of the DoveMed Editorial Board
First uploaded: Sept. 11, 2017
Last updated: Sept. 11, 2017