The topic Elephantiasis Tropica you are seeking is a synonym, or alternative name, or is closely related to the medical condition Lymphatic Filariasis.
- Lymphatic Filariasis is a disease caused by parasitic roundworms of 3 different types. It is most commonly caused by Wuchereria bancrofti, and may also be caused by Brugia malayi and Brugia timori
- It is an infection of the lymphatic system that may result in severe disfigurement as a result of swelling in the limbs and/or scrotum. Lymphatic Filariasis is prevalent in warm climates with high exposure to mosquitoes
- Mosquitoes inject the microfilarial roundworms, which include W. bancrofti, B. malayi, or B. timori upon biting. These microfilariae (or microscopic larval worms) then mature into adult worms within the lymphatic system of the individual who is bitten
- Individuals with minor infections may present with just fever, while individuals with severe infections may develop elephantiasis (severe swelling of a limb). There are slight variations in the presentation of Lymphatic Filariasis depending on which type of parasitic roundworm causes the infection. All infections share common characteristics of the larval worms, which is in being spread from individual to individual via mosquitoes
- In most cases, Lymphatic Filariasis can be treated using medications to eliminate the parasitic worms within the body. The prognosis for Lymphatic Filariasis is generally good, as most individuals are asymptomatic. For individuals with elephantiasis, it is important to treat both the physical symptoms as well as the mental/emotional stress it causes
- Even though the disease is common in tropical areas around the world, Lymphatic Filariasis can be prevented. Important preventative measures include destroying the breeding grounds of the mosquitoes, sleeping inside mosquito nets, and using suitable repellant creams to avoid bites
Please find comprehensive information on Lymphatic Filariasis regarding definition, distribution, risk factors, causes, signs & symptoms, diagnosis, complications, treatment, prevention, prognosis, and additional useful information HERE.