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Brachial Plexus Neuritis

Last updated Aug. 16, 2017

Approved by: Krish Tangella MD, MBA, FCAP

The topic Brachial Plexus Neuritis you are seeking is a synonym, or alternative name, or is closely related to the medical condition Parsonage-Turner Syndrome.

Quick Summary:

  • Parsonage-Turner Syndrome (PTS) is characterized by possible autoimmune inflammation affecting the brachial plexus (part of the neck, shoulders, arms, and hands nerves) of unknown causation
  • The exact cause of Parsonage-Turner Syndrome is not well-understood. PTS is considered to be caused by a variety of factors that may be genetic, immunologic, and/or environmental in nature
  • PTS is thought to be triggered by the body’s immune system through triggers such as surgery involving the brachial plexus, autoimmune disorders, childbirth in some women, and infections. It is researched that some individuals are more susceptible than others due to some genetic predisposition
  • The signs and symptoms of Parsonage-Turner Syndrome include a gradual onset of shoulder pain that may be acute and severe. The pain may spread to the arms or neck and can get worse during night. 1 in 4 individuals may have several episodes of the symptoms
  • Severe cases can result in complications including shortening of muscles, mal-alignment of the upper body, partial vocal cord paralysis, and even breathing difficulties
  • A diagnosis of Parsonage-Turner Syndrome can be made through physical examinations, muscle and nerve conduction studies, and radiological imaging studies performed on the upper body
  • A symptomatic treatment for Parsonage-Turner Syndrome is offered to address the pain and other symptoms. In some cases, surgery (nerve grafting or tendon transfer procedure) may be necessary
  • The prognosis of Parsonage-Turner Syndrome is based on the severity of the signs and symptoms. However, in a majority of the individuals, the prognosis is good; although, around 25% of the individuals may have recurring conditions that may affect the quality of life

Please find comprehensive information on Parsonage-Turner Syndrome regarding definition, distribution, risk factors, causes, signs & symptoms, diagnosis, complications, treatment, prevention, prognosis, and additional useful information HERE.

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Reviewed and Approved by a member of the DoveMed Editorial Board
First uploaded: Aug. 16, 2017
Last updated: Aug. 16, 2017