Bulimia Nervosa is potentially life-threatening eating disorder that can be caused by a wide variety of factors, ranging from genetics to societal and familial pressures. As a mental health disorder, Bulimia Nervosa has an etiology that can stem from a wide variety of causes, which can act collaboratively to produce the disorder’s classic symptoms. Additionally, these causes can be due to biologic, emotional, or societal stresses.
The exact etiology of Bulimia Nervosa are currently unknown, although it is believed that some of the main causes can include stressful life transitions, prior history of trauma, and poor self-esteem. Another suspected cause for Bulimia Nervosa is genetically based, as studies have suggested that the risk for developing Bulimia Nervosa increases if a family member has had it previously.
Asides from family history as a potential cause of Bulimia Nervosa, social stresses for young women in college or high school can also affect eating behaviors. Extreme dieting or cycles of binging and purging can be socially encouraged by peers, which can then lead to the development of eating disorders such as Bulimia Nervosa.
There is no hard and fast way to prevent Bulimia Nervosa, however steps can be taken to promote healthier attitudes towards food. Early onset Bulimia Nervosa has been previously demonstrated to be especially debilitating to those fifteen years and younger. Because of this, parent should take preventative measures to foster healthy body images in their children while they are young. Another means of prevention for Bulimia Nervosa is for parents and/or guardians to frequently listen to their children in order to benefit their emotional health.
Furthermore, friends and families should attempt to schedule regular shared meals as a means of binge eating prevention. Because Bulimia Nervosa can be caused in part by emotional and societal stresses, it is important to provide individuals with appropriate venues of social support. Talking to friends, family, or health care professionals is especially imperative to those believed to be at risk or currently suffering from Bulimia Nervosa. Early diagnosis and initiation of treatment increases the likelihood of successful recovery, as well as a better prognosis overall.
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