What are other Names for this Test? (Equivalent Terms)
- Grass Urine Test
- Marijuana Urine Test
- Pot Urine Test
What is Cannabinoids Urine Test? (Background Information)
- Cannabinoids are the compounds in marijuana that produce its psychoactive effects. There are 61 known cannabinoids - the most common being delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol
- Marijuana refers to the drug produced from the leaves and flowering tops of the Cannabis sativa plant. Marijuana is smoked or ingested, and causes hallucinations and euphoria
- Carboxy THC is the major breakdown product of cannabinoids. Its levels in blood peak 10 minutes after ingestion and 1 hour after ingestion
- Carboxy THC begins to be excreted via urine 3 days after consumption of marijuana. The excretion continues for 30 to 60 days
- Cannabinoids are fat-soluble, which means that they accumulate in the fat tissues. Heavy marijuana users may store THC in their fat cells, resulting in release for substantial amounts of time
- The Cannabinoids Urine Test helps detect cannabinoid byproducts, namely carboxy THC, in urine. This is undertaken mainly using immunoassay methods. It is used to detect marijuana use
What are the Clinical Indications for performing the Cannabinoids Urine Test?
The clinical indications for performing the Cannabinoids Blood Test include detecting marijuana use, possibly as part of a pre-employment screen.
How is the Specimen Collected for Cannabinoids Urine Test?
Following is the specimen collection process for Cannabinoids Urine Test:
Sample required: Urine
Process of obtaining a sample in adults: Urination into a sterile container over a 24-hour period.
Preparation required: It is recommended to drink 6 to 8 glasses of water or other fluids prior to the test.
What is the Significance of the Cannabinoids Urine Test Result?
- A positive value for the Cannabinoids Urine Test may indicate marijuana use and possible toxicity
The laboratory test results are NOT to be interpreted as results of a "stand-alone" test. The test results have to be interpreted after correlating with suitable clinical findings and additional supplemental tests/information. Your healthcare providers will explain the meaning of your tests results, based on the overall clinical scenario.
Additional and Relevant Useful Information:
- 23 US states have laws legalizing marijuana use in some form
Certain medications that you may be currently taking may influence the outcome of the test. Hence, it is important to inform your healthcare provider of the complete list of medications (including any herbal supplements) you are currently taking. This will help the healthcare provider interpret your test results more accurately and avoid unnecessary chances of a misdiagnosis.