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Pars Planitis

Last updated Aug. 17, 2017

Approved by: Maulik P. Purohit MD, MPH

Intermediate Uveitis is a condition involving the inflammation of the uvea, between the iris and choroid.

The topic Pars Planitis you are seeking is a synonym, or alternative name, or is closely related to the medical condition Intermediate Uveitis.

Quick Summary:

  • Uveitis is inflammation of the uvea, which is a part of the eye structure. The uvea is a pigmented layer that consists of the iris, ciliary body, and choroid. The uvea encloses and protects the eyeball, because it is made up of thick and strong fibrous tissue
  • There are 4 types of Uveitis, depending on which part of the uvea is involved:
    • Anterior Uveitis
    • Intermediate Uveitis
    • Posterior Uveitis
    • Panuveitis Uveitis
  • Intermediate Uveitis is a condition involving the inflammation of the uvea, between the iris and choroid. It is also known as Cyclitis. Intermediate Uveitis is the second most common form of uveitis
  • Any individual can be affected by Intermediate Uveitis; those that are more predisposed to varying types of infection and immunologic problems may be at a higher risk for developing the condition. It can be caused by both infectious and non-infectious reasons. Both the eyes are usually affected in Intermediate Uveitis
  • A healthcare provider can use various blood tests and physical exams to diagnose Intermediate Uveitis. Upon diagnosis, treatment options, such as steroids or immunomodulators, can be used to treat the condition. Additionally, the healthcare provider will address any underlying conditions that may be contributing to progression of Intermediate Uveitis. An immediate medical attention is sought to achieve better outcomes
  • The prognosis for Intermediate Uveitis depends on each individual's signs and symptoms and may be assessed on a case-by-case basis. A good prognosis can be expected for those who undergo appropriate treatment. The condition does not usually lead to permanent blindness
  • Complications, such as glaucoma and cataract, can worsen the prognosis. Individuals who wish to avoid Intermediate Uveitis should avoid infectious scenarios and treat underlying conditions

Uvea: The uvea is a part of the eye that consists of 3 structures, namely the iris, the ciliary body, and the choroid.

  • Iris: It is the colored portion of the eye; the iris surrounds the pupil of the eye
  • Ciliary body: It is located between the iris and choroid portion of uvea. Ciliary bodies help in attaching the lens in the eye. It also helps provide nutrients to the lens
  • Choroid: It is a portion of the uvea that is predominantly made up of the blood vessels; choroid provides nutrients to the retina keeping it healthy

Please find comprehensive information on Intermediate Uveitis regarding definition, distribution, risk factors, causes, signs & symptoms, diagnosis, complications, treatment, prevention, prognosis, and additional useful information HERE.

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Reviewed and Approved by a member of the DoveMed Editorial Board
First uploaded: Aug. 17, 2017
Last updated: Aug. 17, 2017