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Painful Ophthalmoplegia (Tolosa-Hunt Syndrome)

Last updated Aug. 16, 2017

Approved by: Krish Tangella MD, MBA, FCAP


The topic Painful Ophthalmoplegia (Tolosa-Hunt Syndrome) you are seeking is a synonym, or alternative name, or is closely related to the medical condition Tolosa-Hunt Syndrome.

Quick Summary:

  • Tolosa-Hunt Syndrome (THS) is a rare eye disorder with signs and symptoms such as headaches, eye pain, decreased eye movement, and blurred vision. Individuals are usually affected around middle-age, although the condition may appear at any stage in life
  • The cause of Tolosa-Hunt Syndrome is currently unknown. Research experts believe that having a recent viral infection may increase the likelihood of developing the condition
  • A healthcare provider can diagnose Tolosa-Hunt Syndrome by excluding other similar conditions and through specific guidelines that have been outlined for the condition. These include eye pain on one side of the head that persists for at least 8 weeks, if untreated, and associated irritation or damage to the 3rd, 4th, or 6th cranial nerves among others
  • Treatment of Tolosa-Hunt Syndrome involves the use of oral corticosteroids. Individuals usually have a very good prognosis with the condition, because steroids have been proven to be an effective treatment measure
  • Nevertheless, complications, such as the damage and abnormal repair of the cranial nerves, can worsen the prognosis. Also, currently, no prevention methods for Tolosa-Hunt Syndrome have been identified

Please find comprehensive information on Tolosa-Hunt Syndrome regarding definition, distribution, risk factors, causes, signs & symptoms, diagnosis, complications, treatment, prevention, prognosis, and additional useful information HERE.

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Reviewed and Approved by a member of the DoveMed Editorial Board
First uploaded: Aug. 16, 2017
Last updated: Aug. 16, 2017